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What Is Medical Nutrition Therapy?

medical nutrition therapy

Medical nutrition therapy generally refers to a method of treating a certain condition or illness through a diet both devised and monitored by a registered nutrition professional or a medical doctor.

It is also important to note that the diet is specifically determined by a couple of factors which include: medical record, physical examination, and also the dietary history of the patient.

Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) should further be limited to be administered by a nutrition professional or dietitian, in order to avoid the development of complications of the already existing medical condition or worsening of the effects existing condition such as increase in cholesterol content.

Over the years, this method has proved to be very effective in treating a wide range of diseases which vary from type 1 or type 2 diabetes, to cancers — just to mention a few and requires strict adherence to the diet by the patient.

[Related article: Cancer Prevention Food and Nutrition Tips]

Medical Nutrition Therapy Basics

This type of therapy is administered through a series of steps as broken down below:

  1. Nutrition screen/referral- involves the physician provider sending RDN written referral for MNT for patient’s condition.
  2. Assessment- involves the RDN performing the nutrition assessment using the patient’s data or medical record.
  3. Diagnosis- carried out after the assessment data is analyzed.
  4. Intervention- This stage involves counseling, then the RDN together with the patient determine both interventions and a care plan.
  5. Monitoring and evaluation- Involves monitoring various behavior changes as well as serum levels, hemoglobin and BMI
  6. Documentation- generally involves the RDN documenting MNT assessment, nutrition diagnosis alongside interventions. The physician receives a copy as well.
  7. Outcome management systems- is done based on the RDN’s analysis, critical thinking and finally a review of data from the medical records of the patient and aggregate of the individual’s data.

Whether you are looking to lose weight, or need help managing chronic conditions, medical nutrition therapy may help. Contact the Registered Dietitian Nutritionists at The Nutrition Professionals to schedule an appointment today.